You may have heard of the Israeli Yellow Scorpion but the real name of it is the Deathstalker Scorpion. Yet many
feel that is a name that does nothing more than scare people. They definitely are deserving of such a name though.
After all they are one of the most toxic in terms of what comes from their venom.
The sting is something that a person is never going to forget. The good news though is that many studies have
occurred regarding the use of this venom for positive medical care. More studies have to be done though to see if
it is really effective and if there are long term adverse effects that could occur.
The Deathstalker Scorpion is about 4 inches in size for the females and the males are about 3 inches. They may
both be slightly smaller though depending on the location where they are found.
They have a very strange color to them too. Many people think they look like toys due to the elastic looking
yellow or green coloring. They have limbs that are thin and lanky which is very different from the thick and stalky
ones that other species of Scorpions display.
You will find that the coloration of the Scorpions depend on where they live. The goal is for them to be able to
blend into their surroundings and to be as undetected as possible. This is a type of mechanism that has been part
of Scorpion evolution for thousands of years.
They do have large pinchers but they aren’t very powerful. That is why they have to immediately engage the
stinger when they are holding prey or they will end up losing it. Many people assume that their pinchers are
stronger due to the size but many studies by experts indicate this isn’t the case.
This can be a very aggressive type of Scorpion. They tend to get very nervous and agitated when they are in
captivity. That combined with their powerful venom adds up to many locations banning them. There are some areas
that will allow them but only with a special license in place. This often limits where they can have them and how
many they can have.
Habitat and Distribution
Both the Middle East and North Africa are where you will find the Deathstalker Scorpion living in their natural
habitat. They are also well known in regions of Ethiopia, Egypt, and Algeria. They are able to successfully adapt
to a variety of changes that take place in their environment.
This is one species of Scorpion that does need high levels of humidity. They do very well in areas that offer at
least 40% or more humidity. They also need a temperature that is at least 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
One of the dangers of keeping this Scorpion in captivity is that it may be too dry or too cold for them. If you
decide you would like to own one of them then you need to take the time to make sure they can thrive well in your
Diet and Feeding Habits
For those living in the wild, the main source of the diet is from crickets. When they are in captivity they may
be fed that, grasshoppers, or meal worms. They will eat what they can get though when they are in the wild. They do
prefer living things though to those they come upon that are already dead.
Molting has to occur about 7 times before this species of Scorpion is able to successfully mate. That can mean
they are about 6 years of age when it occurs. The females get to decide who they will mate with. She may have
several males that come calling but not all of them will be accepted.
There are various forms of rituals that they will take part in to see if mating will occur. If the female is
agitated she may eat him or at least run him off. If he can get her involved in relaxing dances though there is a
better chance that he will remain safe and that she will mate with him.
It takes from 2 up to 5 months from mating for the young to arrive. There will be about 30 of them at once. They
make the short climb from their mother’s legs up to her back. There they will remain as a group for several weeks.
They have to go into the molting process before she will get them off her back. Then they will have to go find
their own food and habitat.
Since they only have an average life span of about 5 years many of them never make it long enough to mate. Those
that do will typically only be able to do so once before their own life is over.
Venomous Bite or Danger to Humans
The sting from the Deathstalker Scorpion is painful but few people die from it. Studies show that those with
allergies or heart issues though are at the greatest risk of death. It is important to seek medical attention
immediately to prevent the lungs from filling up with fluid that can cut off the flow of air.
Bite Treatment or Care
Due to the extremely powerful venom of the Deathstalker Scorpion you should seek immediate medical attention.
There is an anti venom that can be administered and the sooner it is offered the better. In fact, many medical
facilities out there will have it on hand if this type of Scorpion is known to reside locally.
On the way to the hospital ice should be applied to the area consistently. This will allow for the swelling to
have less time to progress. Children may need help holding this in place. Many people suffer from drowsiness so it
isn’t a good idea to drive yourself to the hospital for treatment.
Pain medications is also given in order to help subdue the patient. The fact that the swelling can be a huge
problem is also why forms of antihistamines are given. Some people find that it takes them months to fully recover.
They may feel fatigue, headaches that are severe, and even joint pain. These symptoms should subside in time but be
ready for them to linger.
There are some individuals with a severe allergic reaction to this particular type of venom. They will suffer
from swelling that moves very rapidly through the body. This can result in the airways being cut off if medication
isn’t administered. That is why it is wise to get treatment quickly.
When possible the Scorpion should be taken to the doctor with you. If that isn’t possible though do your best to
give a full description of it. That can help them to determine which methods of treatment to offer. Since different
Scorpions have different variations of the venom there is no anti venom that works for all Scorpion bites.
The severity of the reaction though can vary. Some people have one or two mild or severe symptoms. Other people
have an array of symptoms but they aren’t bad. A quick assessment has to be made by the medical staff. They will
likely wish to keep the patient for observation for the first 48 hours after treatment.